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Conran Shop Week 5: Grade Listed Buildings

The space that has been given to as part of the project is located within a grade Listed building. This week I will research what Grade Listed Building means, analyse the three categories and find the building regulations for this kind of buildings as it is important and need to be considered for every design decision I will be made for the space interior and exterior.

Palace of Westminster

A listed building or listed structure in the United Kingdom is one that has been placed on the Statutory List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest. A listed building may not be demolished, extended, or altered without special permission from the local planning authority, which typically consults the relevant central government agency, particularly for significant alterations to the more notable listed buildings. In England and Wales, a national amenity society must be notified of any work to a listed building which involves any element of demolition.

There are three types of listed status for buildings in The UK

Grade I: buildings of exceptional interest. Grade II*: particularly important buildings of more than special interest. Grade II: buildings that are of special interest.

Manchester Town Hall

Historic Interest

To be of special historic interest a building must illustrate important aspects of the nation’s social, economic, cultural, or military history and/or have close historical associations with nationally important people. There should normally be some quality of interest in the physical fabric of the building itself to justify the statutory protection afforded by listing.

The entry in the statutory list contains a description of each building to aid identification. This can be just a description of the building and its features, but more modern entries will set out a summary of the assessment of special interest in the building at the time of designation. Any omission from the list description of a feature does not indicate that it is not of interest and advice should be sought from the local planning authority if there is any doubt in a particular case.

As from 26th June 2013 some new list entries or list entries amended after that date may provide that part or feature of the building is not of special architectural or historic interest.

BT Tower London

Objects and structures fixed to the building

In general, a structure attached to a building, such as adjoining buildings or walls, will also be covered by the listing if the structure was ancillary to the principal building at the date of listing (or possibly 1 January 1969 for buildings listed before that date). An object fixed to the principal building, such as a shop awning or a chandelier will be protected by the listing if it is a 'fixture' according to the usual land law principles. The key considerations in determining this are:

- The method and degree of annexation of the object to the building, the ease with which it can be removed and the damage caused to the structure or object by its removal; and, - The objective and purpose of the annexation to the building – whether this was for the improvement of the building or for the enjoyment of the object itself.

Extensions or alterations to listed buildings made after listing form part of the listed building and are subject to the protection regime. As from 26th June 2013 some new list entries or list entries amended after that date may expressly exclude certain attached structures or objects from protection.

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